You already know how to say sentences like “The buzzard is black , “namely Sha’ii nyillyches. But you have not yet learned how to say a sentence like “The black buzzard is big, ” or “This is a black buzzard .” You need to know how to make a phrase like “black buzzard . “You know the words for “buzzard, ” sha’ii, and for “black, ” nyilly. Now you must add ku – in front of nyilly, and you get kunyilly. This is a noun and actually means “the black one. “The whole phrase is sha’ii kunyilly , “the black buzzard, ” literally ” buzzard, the black one . ” When the word you must make into a noun begins with ‘_-, like ‘ehwatt “red, “you add kwa – in front of it, instead of ku -, and you get kwa ‘hwatt, “the red one . ” You can now say things like
|Kun yilly||black one||‘ehatt kun yilly||black dog|
|Kuhepshiw||green one||haakwal kuhepshiw||green lizard|
|Kunemshap||white one||‘emekay kunemshap||white mouse|
|Kwa’hwatt||red one||‘ekwak kwa’hwatt||red deer|
|Kwa’kwas||yellow one||‘aashaa kwa’kwas||yellow bird¬|
|Kwa’stik||little one||milyaapan kwa’stik||little bat|
|Kwa’shash||pretty one||‘aashaa kwa’shash||pretty bird|
|Kunemshap ‘estikches.||The white one is small.|
|Nyemetaay kwa’kwas peyaa||this yellow mountain lion|
|Mil yaapan kwa’stik puu||that little bat way over there|
|‘aashaa kwa’shash nyip||that pretty bird there|
|‘Ewii kwa’stik nyillyches.||The little rattle snake is black.|
1. ‘Aashaa kuhchalyp ‘eshashches.
2. Peyaa ‘ehpank kuhepshiwches.
3. ‘Ehpank peyaa hepeshiwches.
4. Kunemshap ‘iikuuches.
5. Halypuusuutt kwa’kwas peyaa ‘estikches.
1. The red bird is little.
2. The white bird is big.
3. That is the little dog.
4. This little rattlesnake is black.
5. That green hummingbird is pretty.
6. This is the blue one.
In sentences like the ones we have just described , it is also OK to drop the ending –ches. This will still be understood to mean the same thing and would also be the best way to translate English sentences of the type “What a pretty bird ( that is)! “
1. What a big whale this is!
2. That is a white deer.
3. What a happy girl !
4. It’s a green frog !
5. This is a horned toad.
6. It’s a red one.